SQL Expressions / Dynamic Parameters |

You can use dynamic parameters anywhere in an expression where their data type can be easily deduced.

- Use as the first operand
of BETWEEN is allowed if one of the second and third operands is not also a
dynamic parameter. The type of the first operand is assumed to be the type of
the non-dynamic parameter, or the union result of their types if both are not
dynamic parameters.
**WHERE ? BETWEEN DATE('1996-01-01') AND ? -- types assumed to be DATE** - Use as the second or third
operand of BETWEEN is allowed. Type is assumed to be the type of the left
operand.
**WHERE DATE('1996-01-01') BETWEEN ? AND ? -- types assumed to be DATE** - Use as the left operand of an IN list is allowed if
at least one item in the list is not itself a dynamic parameter. Type for the
left operand is assumed to be the union result of the types of the non-dynamic
parameters in the list.
**WHERE ? NOT IN (?, ?, 'Santiago') -- types assumed to be CHAR** - Use in the values list in
an IN predicate is allowed if the first operand is not a dynamic parameter or
its type was determined in the previous rule. Type of the dynamic parameters
appearing in the values list is assumed to be the type of the left operand.
**WHERE**IN (?, ?, ?) -- types assumed to be FLOAT*FloatColumn* - For the binary operators +, -, *, /, AND, OR, <,
>, =, <>, <=, and >=, use of a dynamic parameter as one operand
but not both is permitted. Its type is taken from the other side.
**WHERE ? < CURRENT_TIMESTAMP -- type assumed to be a TIMESTAMP** - Use in a CAST is always
permitted. This gives the dynamic parameter a type.
**CALL valueOf(CAST (? AS VARCHAR(10)))** - Use on either or both
sides of LIKE operator is permitted. When used on the left, the type of the
dynamic parameter is set to the type of the right operand, but with the maximum
allowed length for the type. When used on the right, the type is assumed to be
of the same length and type as the left operand. (LIKE is permitted on CHAR and
VARCHAR types)
**WHERE ? LIKE 'Santi%' -- type assumed to be CHAR with a length of -- java.lang.Integer.MAX_VALUE** - A ? parameter is allowed
by itself on only one side of the || operator. That is, "? || ?" is not
allowed. The type of a ? parameter on one side of a || operator is determined
by the type of the expression on the other side of the || operator. If the
expression on the other side is a CHAR or VARCHAR, the type of the parameter is
VARCHAR with the maximum allowed length for the type. If the expression on the
other side is a CHAR FOR BIT DATA or VARCHAR FOR BIT DATA type, the type of the
parameter is VARCHAR FOR BIT DATA with the maximum allowed length for the type.
**SELECT BITcolumn || ? FROM UserTable -- Type assumed to be CHAR FOR BIT DATA of length specified for BITcolumn** - In a conditional expression, which uses a ?, use of
a dynamic parameter (which is also represented as a ?) is allowed. The type
of a dynamic parameter as the first operand is assumed to be boolean. Only
one of the second and third operands can be a dynamic parameter, and its
type will be assumed to be the same as that of the other (that is, the third
and second operand, respectively).
**SELECT c1 IS NULL ? ? : c1 -- allows you to specify a "default" value at execution time -- dynamic parameter assumed to be the type of c1 -- you cannot have dynamic parameters on both sides -- of the :** - A dynamic parameter is
allowed as an item in the values list or select list of an INSERT statement.
The type of the dynamic parameter is assumed to be the type of the target
column.
**INSERT INTO t VALUES (?) -- dynamic parameter assumed to be the type -- of the only column in table t INSERT INTO t SELECT ? FROM t2 -- not allowed** - A ? parameter in a
comparison with a subquery takes its type from the expression being selected by
the subquery. For example:
**SELECT * FROM tab1 WHERE ? = (SELECT x FROM tab2) SELECT * FROM tab1 WHERE ? = ANY (SELECT x FROM tab2) -- In both cases, the type of the dynamic parameter is -- assumed to be the same as the type of tab2.x.** - A dynamic parameter is
allowed as the value in an UPDATE statement. The type of the dynamic parameter
is assumed to be the type of the column in the target table.
**UPDATE t2 SET c2 =? -- type is assumed to be type of c2** - Dynamic parameters are
allowed as the operand of the unary operators - or +. For example:
**CREATE TABLE t1 (c11 INT, c12 SMALLINT, c13 DOUBLE, c14 CHAR(3)) SELECT * FROM t1 WHERE c11 BETWEEN -? AND +? -– The type of both of the unary operators is INT -- based on the context in which they are used (that is, -- because c11 is INT, the unary parameters also get the -- type INT.** - LENGTH allow a dynamic
parameter. The type is assumed to be a maximum length VARCHAR type.
**SELECT LENGTH(?)** - Qualified comparisons.
**? = SOME (SELECT 1 FROM t) -- is valid. Dynamic parameter assumed to be INTEGER type 1 = SOME (SELECT ? FROM t) -- is valid. Dynamic parameter assumed to be INTEGER type.** - A dynamic parameter is allowed as the left operand of an IS expression and is assumed to be a boolean.

Once the type of a dynamic parameter is determined based on the expression it is in, that expression is allowed anywhere it would normally be allowed if it did not include a dynamic parameter.